Legislation regulating veterans and war victims
Veterans and victims of war are: -
They are those who served in the armed forces and participated in an armed conflict, whether they thus suffer from any disability or not.
- They are those who have participated in the resistance movements against any foreign colonialist in order to obtain the nation’s independence again and thus may suffer from disability.
They are civilians who suffer from disability and are considered victims of war according to their legislation.
- Advertisers such as (wife, orphans, fathers) are individuals who were killed during the war and were disabled accordingly.
Civilian victims of any war, conflict or terrorism without directly or indirectly participating, and suffer from theessayclub.com https://writemyessayrapid.com/ health problems, whether physical or mental as a result of participating in the war, near it, or as a result of it.
The Seventh International Conference strongly declared that all states agree to publish a global definition of principles that include the status of veterans and war victims, which must be applied in all countries in cooperation with institutions for veterans and war victims.
The Seventh International Conference recommends that all countries take into account that veterans and war victims not only have the right to obtain compensation, but also take into account and determine the size of the losses resulting from weapons and the new forms that wars currently produce, and increase the number of civilian victims in these wars.
The Seventh International Conference indicated the many differences between realizing the size of compensation and the agency responsible for care and the possibility of disbursing retirement pensions for veterans and civilian victims of war.
The Seventh International Conference drew the attention of states and international bodies to the importance of taking decisions and actions that lead to theessayclub.com https://writemyessayrapid.com/ the use of chemical, nuclear and bacteriological weapons. These weapons do not directly increase the number of war victims only, but, unfortunately, they pollute our planet, placing all of humanity in danger.
The most important legislation regulating veterans and war victim at
The Sixth International Conference in 1994
The seventh international conference in 2010
What is presented by the General Secretariat of the Arab Union of Veterans of Veterans is a summary of what was included in the international conferences of legislation governing veterans and war victims, which totaled seven conferences, the last of which was.
The Sixth International Conference on Legislation, held in Lisbon from 13 to 16 March 1994
The Seventh International Conference on Legislation held in Paris, 24-26 / 11/2010
It is submitted by the General Secretariat to all organizations to kindly study and to take from them what suits the organization’s economic conditions and is consistent with the legislation currently regulating the state ... Or in the future.
It is also possible to refer to all the decisions issued by the General Assembly, which contain much of the accumulated experience of the members
And also what is issued from the achievements of the member organizations, which are presented on the sidelines of the sessions and distributed at the beginning of each session
May Allah grant you success and success
First, the introductionThe problems of war veterans and victims of war, which number in the tens of millions, unfortunately, this number is always on the increase, and these problems do not fall on the shoulders of any of the international organizations alone, moreover, these problems and their solutions are not the subject of any systemic force through the United Nations or Through its specialized agencies, but all the efforts of governments, organizations, civil work associations and others must be combined.
International agreements, and in particular the provisions of international humanitarian law, contain clauses that must be respected during disputes relating to combatants, prisoners of war, and civilian victims of war. At the international level, this protection, unfortunately, ceases with the timing of hostilities.
The first goal of the international conferences of legislation organized by the World War Veterans Federation was to help fill this void and set basic principles and guidelines for including this in legislation, affirming this protection.
Moreover, the lack of foundational cooperation between need and necessity has been highlighted, especially for people in charge of public services, in order to announce the developments in countries and at the latest level of difficulties in obtaining this information and to play both the preliminary work for the legislation of international conferences and the exchange of views that have taken place The participants have a role in overcoming this difficulty.
Whereas, intergovernmental focus is a necessity, just as important between them and organizations of veterans and victims of war who have a comprehensive study of the daily problems that their members face. And their experiences to suggest solutions that must be taken into consideration
It should also be emphasized that legislation relating to veterans and war victims is in continuous development for the following reasons:
Changes that occur to a person during his life, especially as a result of advanced life stages and the effects that occur recently
Scientific, technological, economic and social progress that should benefit veterans and victims of war
Changes that have occurred in the nature of arms conflicts, which often have a direct impact on the position of these participants or victims of the war.
A change in the role and tasks of members of the armed forces that may be assigned to them. (This applies to the UN peacekeepers.)
The experiences gathered as a product of the international conferences of legislation showed the special nature of these legislations, their participation in national unity, their pioneering role in society, and the society's turn towards them, and this is evident in the following.
Such legislation should be effective, especially in the field of rehabilitation, and by this means, people with special needs and victims of war can be placed in a position that enables them to integrate with society in a comprehensive manner and participate in it as full-fledged natural citizens.
These legislation must be based on a spirit of justice and solidarity, allowing these fighters who have suffered so much for their homelands. Many thanks to them for having bestowed upon the new generations the enjoyment of freedom, dignity and peace, in order to preserve their natural position in society and participate in development. This is a fundamental obligation of society.
Veterans and war victims legislation has a pioneering role. Whereas it is desirable that the development of social legislation as a whole should be taken into account, the latter should also allow progress in the fields of rehabilitation, design of prosthetic and visual surgeries devices, organization of social and medical services and their integration into society that was often the vanguard of the progressive army, and more thanks for the The experiences gained through the achievements of veterans and the cooperation represented through the framework of international conferences for legislation
There are many examples that highlight this. Most of these examples are included in the Global Program of Action for Persons with Special Needs. As well as in the rules for standards of equality opportunities for persons with disabilities that were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1982 and December 1993 respectively.
There are many examples that highlight this. Most of these examples are included in the Global Program of Action for Persons with Special Needs. As well as in the rules for standards of equality opportunities for persons with disabilities that were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1982 and December 1993 respectively....
This principle necessitates an important necessity ... ... an objective and impartial process with all the guarantees necessary to establish a legal status for veterans, and in a broader term ... Recognition of the services provided to veterans as it is known by national legislation and based on the standards of the Geneva Convention and Additional Protocols.
The problems of veterans increase in the newly independent countries who served in the armed forces of the former colonial countries or who fought in their countries for independence, at the expense of the lack of appropriate legislation and those represented in the economic difficulties facing their countries in particular.
Speaking of the changing nature of armed conflict, the fate of civilian war victims, in particular women and children, is one of the most important thorny questions that have a dramatic significance every day. Armed conflicts are undergoing these difficult-to-understand changes, as the number of civilian casualties greatly exceeds the number of war victims among combatants.
The legislation of many countries includes conditional clauses for war victims and persons involved with combatants who are known as “subordinate” (wife of a severely disabled person, widow, orphan, parents). We rarely find conditional clauses for war victims, such as people who do not have direct contact with combatants, in addition to those who became victims once the fighting ended, and in particular those who deserve compensation as a result of the explosion of anti-personnel mines.
Before the Sixth International Conference, objecting to finding solutions to those problems that might face the needs of war victims represented the impossible demand from the disadvantages existing at the national level.
Before the Sixth International Conference, objecting to finding solutions to those problems that might face the needs of war victims represented the impossible demand from the disadvantages existing at the national level.Reaching a specific definition, which could include national legislation, and that would include civilian war victims.
Determining priorities related to a way to meet their needs, the first of which appears to reintegrate them into their own societies and re-establish and raise their families separated as a result of the war
C- Attention to drafting legislation to facilitate the tasks of countries that find themselves facing large numbers of victims in light of the lack of available resources.
An in-depth study of legislation confirms that information requests must be submitted to the government about the conditional clauses of their legislation and implementation procedures.
The diversity and differing legal concepts and formulas as well as the different national economic positions mean that the solutions reached by the conferences had to deal mainly with general principles and guidelines. And it may need forms of operational treatment of those principles and guidelines to work through at the national level. This is the idea that led the World War Veterans Federation to develop the document on "Fundamental Rights and Guidelines for Veterans and Victims of War." This document is based on the results and recommendations of the six international conferences, as this document participated in improving the legal provisions in many countries. Moreover, all those countries that do not yet have specific legislation for veterans and war victims may re-examine these lines.
16- The Seventh International Conference on Conventions announced the emphasis on all countries
To resolutely seek to accept and spread the universal definition of war veterans and victims of war and the principles that must be applied to grant a privileged position to veterans and war victims, in cooperation with associations of veterans and war victims, and private and public institutions in this field.
Veterans and Victims of War: -
They are those who served in the armed forces and participated in armed conflict, whether they suffer from any disability or not.
They are those who participated in the resistance movements against any foreign colonizer in order to obtain the nation’s independence again and thus may suffer from disability.
They are those civilians who suffer from a disability and are considered war victims according to their legislation
Dependents such as (wife, orphans, and children) of individuals who were killed during the war or were disabled accordingly.
Civilian victims of any war, conflict or terrorism without participating directly or indirectly, and suffering from health problems, whether physical or mental, as a result of participating in or near war or as a result of it.
The Seventh International Conference recommends that all countries take into account that veterans and war victims not only have the right to compensation, but also take into account the determination of the size of the losses resulting from weapons and the new forms that the war currently produces, and increasing the number of civilian victims in these wars.
The conference pointed out the many differences between the perception of the amount of compensation and the agency responsible for caring and disbursing pensions to veterans and civilian war victims.
The conference drew the attention of states and international bodies to the importance of taking decisions and measures condemning the use of chemical, nuclear and biological weapons. These weapons do not directly increase the number of war victims only, but unfortunately they pollute our planet, putting the entire humanity in danger.
17 - The most prominent problems facing veteransThere is no special transportation service for people with severe disabilities and most of the elderly
Modern techniques in the field of prosthetics and orthotics for veterans are not available.
There is no suitable job, nor are there suitable places to integrate and integrate veterans upon their return from service.
Not all of the benefits guaranteed by legislation were put into effect, either for financial or other reasons.
Participants emphasized the importance of supporting the 2007 United Nations Convention on the Disabled, their Rights and Rehabilitation, as well as with regard to the efforts made by the World Health Organization to promote mental health.
Veterans are considered the basis of peace, security and justice, and this is the understanding and application of human rights
The necessity of compensation for war veterans and civilian victims of war and the preservation and improvement of this compensation in all countries around the world.
Regarding: Civilian War VictimsThe issue of civilian war victims did not receive the desired attention.
Likewise, the positions of the French nuclear tests in the Sahara Desert in the region of Kosovo and on its territory occupied part of the discussions due to their effects, as well as the loss of nearly a million people during the conflicts, where there are thousands of victims of rape, torture and terrorism due to the fighting that took place in the troubled Balkan region (Aren't these war victims ... .)
There is also a comprehensive text for the conference draft on the protection of women and children and the imposition of a ban on torture and disasters that have continued in the twenty-first century. And that this document is a continuation of the definition of civilian war victims as well as included the basic principles of basic rights for veterans and war victims that were adopted by the General Assembly of the World Federation in Bordeaux in 1994.
The unequal definition and treatment of injuries and trauma suffered by civilian war victims is mainly related to economic conditions and not due to deliberate political will.
One of the most basic rights for veterans and victims of war, foremost among which is
Treatment, compensation, and priorities that emphasize
Veterans and war victims should receive a good share of local resources
The special care that governments provide to veterans and victims of war should guarantee the following rights, as a form of compensation for the disability that has occurred to them:
All kinds of care and treatment required for them in hospitals
Artificial limbs and the provision of transportation.
C- Taking training courses in rehabilitation, education and training appropriate to their abilities
D - Assistance and priority access to housing to obtain a normal life despite the disability
E- Adequate compensation
(1) It depends on the medical evaluation of the degree of disability (making a comparison between a case or her condition as a disabled person and another healthy person without taking into account the level of income or any other personal factors)
(2) The evaluation is also based on time and age.
Recognition and legalization of the status of veterans
Some societies submitted proposals for changes or amendments to the document regarding the Guiding Principles on Fundamental Rights of Veterans and Victims of War that were adopted during the 21st General Assembly of the World War Veterans Federation in Bordeaux in 1994, which need updating.
Emphasis has been placed on financial problems to meet the needs of veterans as there are many needs that are not covered by legislation. The main issues are as follows:
* Legislation relating to veterans does not apply to all combatants and war victims.
* The legislation does not apply to families of combatants.
* Pensions are insufficient to guarantee a decent standard of living.
* The benefits and pensions available to combatants must depend on the degree of disability and disability
* The psychological problems of PTSD sufferers have not been identified in obtaining a disability pension.
* There are no social and health services for all veterans, and when they do exist they are inadequate.
* There is no nursing home or nursing home to take care of the poorest and most elderly veterans
* There are no doctors who specialize in treating the most serious disabilities, especially the elderly.
Psychological trauma and the effects of modern warfare
In the field of trauma, real progress has been made in recognizing such observable damages and accepting that trauma is not a state of mind but has become a real, realistic disease. However, at the same time; The way in which these damages are dealt with in the period of recognition and care and the right to compensation is still particularly varied and creates significant differences between countries. Since nothing allows us to predict the psychological trauma that may emerge after several years of hostilities, and that there is still a lot of progress in terms of multidisciplinary organizations for trauma psychotherapy, the work of doctors, social workers, and associations of veterans and war victims should be coordinated. Under the same logic and conclusion, increasing the percentage of civilian victims who were traumatized during contemporary wars should also lead ... to coordination between doctors and military and civilian institutions.
Discussing the new damages that have arisen as a result of the use of "new generation" weapons and ammunition in contemporary wars, as well as the problems of post-traumatic stress in the soldiers involved in the peacekeeping and humanitarian mission.
The following are the most important recommendations that can be used as draft laws
Veterans Rights in the Sixth International Conference on Legislation
Social Security for Veterans
You notice that a large number of veterans are not included in the entitlement to social security in their countries, and that in many cases their material income is very little to keep pace with the increasing continuing in the high cost of living.
If we take into account advanced age, followed by poor health of most combatants.
High prices of medicines and treatment costs in hospitals
Therefore, it is necessary to emphasize that social security services must be made available to combatants to provide them with the necessary expenses and medical care.
The conference recommends that countries that do not have a social security system for these combatants and their families to apply to participate in this system in order to benefit from adequate social services as well as the necessary medical care.
Reassessment of the degree of disability
Take into consideration that the cases of disabilities get worse with age.
Poor condition usually has a negative economic, moral and social impact on these people
Note that in some cases of legislation, even at the national level, it includes conditional clauses to reassess the aforementioned degrees of disability, which may not be found in other legislations.
Refer to Recommendation (3) on this subject, which was adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation.
The conference recommends that all states recognize the right of the war-disabled (and other disabled people in the service sphere) to request a re-evaluation of their prevailing degrees of disability without specifying a time, and where these requests must be accepted.
Legal characteristics of disabled pensions
With reference to Recommendation (5) adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation
Taking into consideration that the sums paid as pensions to disabled service men in many countries during their military service can be considered as compensation paid for the psychological and physical losses they suffered.
It is observed in some countries that the aforementioned amounts have been reduced to a certain extent without taking into account their exceptional compensatory nature.
If we take into account that the aforementioned sums cannot or should be considered a source of income
The conference recommends that countries that do not recognize this issue should consider the amounts paid to men whose disabilities appeared during the performance of active service represent compensation exclusively for the losses they suffered.
Regular legislation updates for veterans and war victimsAnd victims of services and their families
If we take into account the special situation of veterans, war victims and their families, which calls for legislation to be designed specifically for them. You notice with satisfaction that most states already have special legislation for these categories of citizens.
You also notice that private legislation lasts for many years, and that the amendments that are made with it rarely happen, and if they do occur they are not comparable to the social and economic changes that appear in most countries.
The conference recommends that governments continue to monitor legislation and ensure that amendments are made regularly in order to adapt it to economic and social conditions.
It is also recommended that the financial benefits, according to the terms of this legislation, be proportional to the cost of living index.
The pensions of the dependents
With reference to recommendations No. (8, 9) adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation
If we take into account, a pension should be paid to the disabled family (wife, children, widows ... ...) in a spirit of justice.
Inclusion of the families of the handicapped into the pension, as a family aid.
The need for the social and occupational integration of the families of the disabled so that this leads to the ability of his wife to complete his role, since she sometimes has to devote completely and exclusively to the care of her husband.
The conference also recommends the following to those countries that have not yet reached this stage:
To grant a pension to all widows and families of handicapped men to a degree equal to or more than 30% without regard to the cause of death.
Fixing the amount of the dependents' pension, provided that it is never less than 70% of the amount paid to disabled men.
There are countries that grant widows of the disabled with severe disabilities (who have the right to continuous care) and dependents a pension of equal value to that received by the disabled man.
Widows' pensionsIf we take into consideration the widows of the war handicapped, whose cause of death was related to disability, the widows of the war handicapped whose disability level reached 100% or higher, as well as the widows of the war handicapped who need continuous care, all of them have the same rights as the widow of war.
It is noticed that in many countries the pensions of the widows of the war handicapped and the disabled service men are subject to the field of effective services, that the pensions are often insufficient to ensure an adequate standard of living.
In retrieving the recommendations adopted in the context of this advanced topic of the International Conference on Legislation, the Fifth Conference adopted Recommendation (9).
((Recommendation to governments to issue adequate insurance, pension and care laws for all of these groups, and to harmonize legislation to avoid inequality)).
The conference also recommended preserving, modifying and developing the current payments, and in particular, the pension should be at least 70% of the pension of the disabled war.
Ongoing care for veterans and war victimsIt has been observed that the need for continuous care is very important among veterans and victims of war, with the degree of severity of war injuries and the frequent deterioration in their health status as they age.
It was also noted that there are no or insufficient conditional clauses available to meet the needs in many countries.
Moreover, the medical services available especially in developing countries are insufficient.
By recalling the recommendations adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation in this field, and in particular the recommendation (13 + 14), which provides care and services for the elderly, the sick, and the severe disabilities of veterans.
To recall Resolution (4), which was adopted by the Council of the World War Veterans Federation in its session on cooperation in the medical field.
The conference recommended that governments take measures to ensure continued care if it is available to victims who need it or those combatants who can seek help and adequate care elsewhere. These measures may include financial grants, qualitative benefits and comprehensive care for non-hospitalized patients, services. Full and partial hospitals, and access to assistance that enables them to stay in their own home.
The conference also recommends that governments and union members extend a helping hand to their counterparts in developing countries in order to raise their current, insufficient level of treatment in this field.
Social protection for war victimsIt has been noted that the colossal number of armed conflicts, unfortunately, is still an enormous work of the national governments to help the victims of war.
It was also noted that social protection in many areas is not sufficient for the special needs of this group of people.
It has been observed that in many areas the image of war victims is negative, and the people are socially isolated
It was noted that the employment position of many of the war victims is extremely doubtful, and so is their financial position as well.
The conference recommended governments:
Establishing and ensuring a comprehensive support system for war victims on the medical, professional and social levels.
Adopting the bonuses currently granted to war victims according to their needs.
The conference affirmed that sponsoring war victims reinforces the community’s recognition of their great sacrifices for the community.
Finally, the conference recommended that governments take the necessary steps to ensure their professional effectiveness and their integration into society.
Social policyRecalling Recommendation (14) adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation
And if we take into consideration that all types of disability, especially for those whose disability worsens with age or because of disability.
If we take into consideration that people with these disabilities with age and lose the autonomy that enables them to solve all their problems.
Persons with severe disabilities, especially those with advanced disabilities, may be unsuccessful in their integration or reintegration into family life and society.
The importance of the participation of non-governmental organizations in defining and implementing the government's social policies.
The conference recommended that those countries that have not yet done so:
By establishing a policy of social support for disabled men, war widows, as well as widows of disabled men, and by encouraging the creativity and development of appropriate buildings by linking their efforts with unions of veterans and war victims.
Extending war widows and handicapped service men with permanent or temporary housing, recreational centers and home help services, through the framework of services specially designed for disabled service men.
Distinguished careIf we take into account that the services provided to veterans are a response to what they made to their nation and the sacrifice they made to restore the independence of their country
It has also been noted that most veterans have suffered enormous losses (imprisonment, inability to work - illness or work-related injuries) as they are in a condition and are entitled to adequate compensation as a result.
The conference recommended that this category of citizens benefit from distinguished care as follows:
Priority in the job
Facilities to obtain housing
Reducing travel fares on public transport
Additional bonusesBy recalling Recommendation (15) adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation.
It was noted that the resources available to veterans and war victims are insufficient in many countries to cover their special needs (advanced age - disease - inability to work ... etc.)
It was also noted that in some countries, veterans and victims of war are granted additional bonuses.
The conference recommended that all veterans and victims of war whose standard of living had deteriorated due to the aforementioned reasons ... benefit from additional bonuses that enable them to preserve their purchasing power and allow them to enjoy a decent life.
The conference also recommended orphans of war victims and veterans, as they should be given special allowances to pay for their education requirements and to ensure the priority of vocational training and employment for them.
Veterans' Compensation AssessmentThe seriousness of the veterans' situation was noted, especially with the ever-increasing cost of living
The pension (compensation) is paid in many countries in a way that is not commensurate with the needs of the beneficiaries
By retrieving the conditional paragraphs of the recommendation to the Fifth International Conference on Legislation related to “assessing pensions, conditions and compensation for elderly veterans.”
The international conference recommended that countries that have not yet implemented this system should give regular compensation to veterans and war victims so that they can live in a dignified way.
The possibility of taking the necessary measures to review the pensions granted to war victims and veterans and study them with care and attention.
Cancellation of the last date for pension studentsIt was noted that the income of veterans is weak and insufficient in many countries.
Convinced that the pensions granted to disabled veterans and war victims to a large number of them lead to an improvement in their financial conditions.
It was also noted that some legislations impose a deadline for pension applications
If we take into account that these conditional clauses put an obstacle for a number of veterans who were unable for various reasons (lack of information, isolation) to apply for the pension they are naturally entitled to.
The conference recommended that necessary legal steps be taken to cancel the deadline for submitting pension applications.
Injury reset for "double whammy"It has been observed that people with disabilities, older veterans whose resistance have been weakened by war injuries, have a limited ability to cope with new mental and physical disorders.
It has also been observed that new injuries or "double injury" situations such as the eye, ear, limbs, or hemisphere, when one organ weakens through wartime losses often leads to extreme difficulty in daily life or may even lead to being disabled.
It was noted that vision loss, for example, may be a result of loss of vision in one eye through a war injury that combined with losses to the other eye through civil disturbances such as glycoma (blue water in the eye), while hearing impairment resulting from war injuries is associated with hearing difficulty due to aging. This leads to complete deafness, while the injuries caused by the shrapnel in one of the cerebral hemispheres are associated with periodic disturbances in the other hemisphere at the end of life, and this may lead to an incapacitated person with amnesia. These war warblers have recently suffered from movement paralysis-related strokes that do not enable them to continue their daily lives without the help of another person.
The conference recommended that all governments and bodies that deal with issues of special needs among veterans should reassess the effects of the new weakness, and what affects them in terms of their overall ability when one spouse of the members fails to perform and one of them is due to war and the other as a result of civil conditions.
Service men with disabilities without pensionsRecalling Recommendation 17, which was adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation
And to take into consideration that there are people with special needs who were hindered during their military service.
The conference recommended that countries that have not adopted this system should take measures, especially in the medical and economic fields, for the sake of the benefit of those with disabilities who are not covered by any of the current legislation.
It was also recommended that the health disorders that emerged as a result of the disabilities they were exposed to during the war or their military service.
They must take into account and compensate for them in some way as is evident from their disability.
Adequate information on compensationIt is considered necessary to inform the beneficiaries of the programs related to veterans and war victims with needs in a comprehensive manner about their entitlement to compensation and how they will obtain it
By recalling Recommendation 18 adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation.
It was noted that the information was not available for even the beneficiaries who were still working.
The conference recommended that governments that did not adopt this system, when setting up, organizing and managing the building of interests for veterans and war victims, as well as service men with special needs, to create and prepare the appropriate mechanisms in order to ensure that veterans and victims of war are informed about their rights and how to enjoy them.
I also recommend that adequate counseling services be undertaken and on standby for all who need it.
Publish legislation for veterans and war victimsNotice the increasing role of the media in disseminating information at the global level
Taking into consideration the increase in the number of veterans and their distribution to all countries of the world
The conference recommended recommendations adopted at the occasion of international conferences for legislation to be distributed to members of the federations
I also recommend that all of these conferences be accompanied by large official media campaigns, using audio, visual and legible public media.
Synchronization of the needs pension and the retirement pensionConsidering that the pensions of disabled service men represent compensation for the moral and physical damage and losses they suffered.
Considering that the reality of implementing paid employment, whether in the private sector or in the public sector, is a necessary element in the process of rehabilitating service men with special needs.
Optionally, the right to a retirement pension for influential workers is a right that cannot be waived
The conference recommended that countries that have not implemented this, adopt legal measures to ensure that all categories of service men with disabilities from the data synchronization of their disability pensions and their retirement pensions are entitled to them for the work they have carried out, whether in the public or private sector.
A comprehensive study of veterans' health and life circumstancesRecording points about the study signed in 1992-1993 in Finland, which was made through inquiries that included the health of veterans, their living conditions and their needs during rehabilitation.These notes were sent to 240,000 combatants, of whom only 95% responded.
The conference recommended that a similar effort should be made in other countries, in order to collect data on the basis of which a comprehensive program can be set up on services for advanced veterans and war victims.
Discrimination in veterans' pensionsMany veterans of the countries who fought in the ranks of the colonial countries, taking into account the sacrifices they made, by defending alongside the coalition forces during World War II and by participating in the coalition victories.
As well as the recognition shown by the states interested in their efforts.
It was also noted that “discrimination by war compensation rules” was the subject of a recommendation adopted unanimously by the Second International Conference on Legislation, which was held in April 1961.
By recalling Resolution 7 adopted by the 51st Congress of the World War Veterans Council (WVC), Taipei (capital of Tiyuan), and Recommendation 25 adopted by the Fifth International Conference on Legislation.
The conference also recommended compensation and benefits to be granted on a parallel basis to both veterans and war victims, regardless of nationality.
The conference also recommended the necessity of resolving the problem of freezing the pensions of those with war needs granted to African veterans, as this problem still exists and must be resolved.
International cooperation in the field of reconstructive surgery and visual equipmentYou notice that the great work that JCRC has provided in this field on both clinical services and rehabilitation also provides the required skills.
This global level that has been achieved cannot be guaranteed after the end of the conflict unless other non-governmental organizations (NGOS) cooperate with the International Committee of the Red Cross, and until this time comes, the countries will self-finance themselves.
It was also noted that many developing countries do not have the necessary material and technical means to meet the local need for prosthetic and visual devices.
It is necessary, and experts and technicians of interested countries should make use of adequate data and additional education from those countries that have high-quality orthopedic and visual equipment available for war victims.
Considering the agreements concluded between some developing and developed countries, and the activities undertaken within the framework of action by other aid programs.
The conference recommended that interested governments conclude similar agreements with the aim of creating or strengthening the necessary conditions for such cooperation in the field of vocational and other training.
By summoning the national bodies for veterans and people with special needs who have centers for orthopedic and optical devices available to make direct contact with the International Committee of the Red Cross and similar bodies in the countries that participated in the war, and to provide them with continuous care, assistance and equipment in particular in this vital area.
Results of agreements in favor of veterans and people with special needs (war victims)It has been noted that some countries have acquired great experience in the field of legislation for veterans and war victims, as well as in the social and medical field.
Emphasizing the need for cooperation between governments and agencies concerned with the affairs of veterans and war victims
Recalling Resolution 31 adopted by the Second International Conference on Legislation held in The Hague from November 27 to December 4, 1961, on international conventions for legislation for veterans and war victims.
It was noted satisfactorily that many agreements have been concluded, in particular (the agreement of December 13, 1955 concerning the exchange of facilities for handicapped combatants). The agreement aims to emphasize the ease of passage for war victims when they travel abroad using the train.
The conference recommended that governments, federations of veterans and victims of war work on the basis of the aforementioned agreements and adopt similar bilateral agreements.
National Committees for Veterans AffairsObservations were taken on the medical results achieved in revitalizing the benefits of veterans in Finland through what was taken by the Finnish National Committee for Veterans
The conference recommended that these bodies consisting of representatives of governments, federations of veterans and victims of war be put in place and of various bodies in each country interested in preparing long-term and short-term plans to develop national legislation for the benefit of people with special needs and other veterans and war victims, as well as developing financial proposals for the implementation of those plans And to undertake other initiatives for these groups.
The conference also recommended the importance of establishing similar regulations in each country at the local and regional levels
In addition, he recommended government officials and representatives of veterans' bodies and other relevant agencies to abide by this system in order to ensure the continuity of the committees and to create permanent conditions that help in setting appropriate special policies for the benefit of veterans and victims of war and their development.
Exemption from military serviceThe conference recommended that countries that have not yet followed this system work to quickly adopt appropriate legislation for exemption from military service for the sons and brothers of martyrs, as well as the severely handicapped, and those concerned should apply for exemption.
Equal treatment of prisoners of warRecalling the experiences of World War II and its results and the pain of other military conflicts in the second half of this century, which led to the brutal treatment of prisoners of war and the violation of their human rights.
The conference proposed that all member states of the United Nations and the countries that have signed the additional protocols to the Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War, sign an agreement obliging the military forces to take hostile army soldiers as prisoners of war and provide them with supplies if necessary, clothing and food, provided that the nutrition provided is not less than 1800 calories per day.
With regard to countries whose citizens move, they are not entitled to detain service men who were taken as prisoners of war (and they are known to have been forced to serve in the enemy's army forces) or those who are related to them, unless it is proven that his capture resulted directly from deliberate evasion of service. .
Protecting markets and factories for the welfare of people with special needsIt has been observed that with age, the life and work of people with special needs in an inclusive society becomes more difficult to place and facilities for housing and accommodation, and obtaining consumer goods, whether small or medium in size, becomes more difficult.
On the other hand, obtaining a salary or income is getting more and more difficult with the passage of days, in order to compete with healthy civilians in order to secure their share in the market.
It was also noted for this reason that people with special needs who live in these areas suffer from a shortage not only in their income and the wages of their families, but in the rehabilitation services available to them as well.
The conference recommended that governments take the following legislative measures:
A- Protecting and developing the productivity of factories with special needs in order to enable them to secure their share in the market and enjoy distinguished treatment.
B - Ensuring a stable income and a better standard of living for these fighters by financing factories with (reasonable) amounts so that they can continue to work and compete (in the form of capital development).
Defining civilian war casualtiesLooking at the changing nature of armed conflicts, we find that the vast majority of victims of these conflicts are civilians, especially women and children.
Considering that these war victims need a specific definition in addition to their dependents such as (wives, widows, orphans), who are generally known under the name of “war victims”.
As a result, the conference recommends that those persons who do not have a direct or indirect participation in those armed conflicts (those who have suffered from mental or physical disturbance as a result of the war, its circumstances and its consequences) are considered victims of a civil war.
The conference also recommended that this definition should include people who were victims of the situations attached to the document, especially women who were raped and children who were forced to witness the ill treatment inflicted on their families and their families.
Defining civilian war casualties
It should include civilian victims of war, for example, people who were not directly or indirectly involved in armed conflict and who were injured.
Damages to mental or physical health as a result of:
The effect of war by enemy forces or others
The special circumstances surrounding the war
Imprisonment, external detention, withdrawal of forces, his arrest and detention are hate
Detention by the forces or the administrative services of the enemy forces at work or in other camps.
Acts of violence by forces or individual members of the enemy forces, including murder, physical torture, and rape, all of which result from the circumstances in which the victim falls without any sin on him.
As well as the effects similar to the events of war, which include victims of the explosion of land filled with mines, and bullets, as well as exposure to chemical and radioactive materials as well as psychological stress.
Support for new civilian war victimsIt is noticed in those days that the vast majority of civilian victims of armed conflict are either killed, injured, raped or deported and deported from their homes and expelled from their families and relatives, most of them are women and children.
Given that most of these new victims are from countries that have little ability to respond to their needs, and on the other hand, you find these victims in countries controlled by other countries (these countries are the ones who dominate and dominate the sources of income and all their needs).
The conference recommended the following actions from governments
Include new legislative provisions to meet the needs of new civilian war victims.
Dialogue with other countries to hold an international conference to review the current institutions and policies so that they become more responsive to the civilian victims of war.
Emphasizing that national or international institutions engage in participation, partnership, and regional solutions that are needed for development in order to meet the needs of many civilian war victims who cannot face the government themselves.
International support for new victims of warConsidering that it is necessary to quickly integrate civilian victims of war into their societies, and this requires adequate support in the professional and economic medical fields.
If we look at the economic situation in many countries, we will find that it is very difficult for these civilians to provide themselves with this support.
The conference recommended the special organizations of the United Nations and other international bodies concerned to participate in this support, each in their respective fields.
He recommended that governments propose the creation of a relief fund as well as the establishment of a United Nations international fund for civilian war victims.
Addressing the psycho-social effects of warSorry for the frightening events that have appeared in many regions as a result of the armed conflicts in the world, where acts of violence and persecution of the civilian population have been subjected to rape and torture.
We are aware that these circumstances have had their consequences on a large number of victims of the war, in both physical and psychological terms.
This violence has been noticed since the Second World War and many armed conflicts, and since then the results have been proven far from the physical effects. Often these victims suffer from severe psychological effects, either direct or indirect, the extent and effects of which appear in a longer term, which requires intensive care to support these civilians in order to overcome Or at least to cope with and cope with their psychological problems
Note that in many countries and governments there are no developed initiatives to grant professional care and care to victims who have suffered from the psychological effects directly.
It is noticeable that a clear number of non-governmental institutions in various countries have initiated their programs to provide such care and guidance, and by doing so they were able to collect basic data and experiences related to the treatment of these victims and their families.
Awareness and knowledge of these problems was also noted at an early stage through the World Veterans Union, which led to the creation of the Veterans Union International Medical Social Center (WJSMIC).
We are convinced that the International Social Medical Center of the World War Veterans Association (WJSMIC) is best suited to play a pioneering role in compiling worldwide research as well as treatment data with the aim of finding known and available data to governments as well as relevant institutions and bodies upon request.
We conclude from this that through fruitful means of cooperation and exchange of information, all members of federations and their countries can obtain research results and experiences gained by others, and use that data in developing and improving their own programs.
9- The conference called on national governments to culminate their responsibilities and actions to the fullest extent towards all victims of war and to create more optimistic conditions for the rehabilitation and treatment of the physical, social and psychological effects of man-made and human disasters, as well as the wider use of the information and experiences gained over the years through public institutions.
Supporting psychological weaknessIt has been noted that the psychological effects of war and its disasters can increase with age.
It has also been noted that individual assistance to people suffering from the psychological effects of war often does not feel reassured, even when the support system for these victims is good and general.
The conference recommended that national governments take all measures that grant or provide civilian war victims with individual and community support in terms of their psychological vulnerability.
Protecting children during and after armed conflictConsidering that a large number of children are either victims of armed conflicts or have been subjected to violations of international humanitarian law and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in addition to the large numbers of those who suffer as a result of armed conflicts.
The conference recommended that governments, and international and national institutions concerned, take the following necessary steps:
Prevent the use of children as human shields or as ticking bombs (suicide bombers) or as hostages on the battlefield.
Establishing a protection system for the conflict area by working along the armistice lines in a way that enables the gathering of the wounded and children, transporting them and moving their mothers from the conflict areas and providing them with safer places of refuge.
Establish centers to collect children who have fallen victim to this violence, with the aim of rehabilitating and educating them.
Obtaining financial aid at the international level with the aim of raising and lifting mine areas wherever anti-personnel or anti-tank mines are placed.
Special programs for children victims of warIt was observed that a large number of the civilian victims of the war were children, and that in front of every child killed, there were three other wounded or disabled children, all of whom suffered psychological scars for their lives.
It was also noted that it is obligatory to recruit child boys into the military forces, in violation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and international humanitarian law.
It has also been noted that children, especially girls, as well as boys, are exposed to physical abuse and rape during armed conflicts.
Considering that the long-term, tragic consequences can lead to failure to keep pace with the developmental needs of children.
As the rehabilitation programs for adults, and for ex-combatants in particular, perform their role well, as for children, they need more attention and focus.
Concerned with this, we can find scars with the experiences of a large part of the rising mountain in armed conflicts, with the exception of the armed influences that are taken to ensure their proper upbringing.
By recalling Article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which establishes the obligation of states to ensure that victims of children of armed conflict receive adequate physical and psychological treatment to restore their recovery and social integration.
The conference recommended that governments:
All necessary steps are being taken in this regard.
The participation of governments and international communities to study ways and methods of managing multinational and regional programs to keep pace with the new development needs, through participation, responsibility, and financing for this purpose.
Recalibrate the civil identity of war victimsThe current wars often mean that the civilian victims of the war - most of them women and children - find themselves without important papers such as those that give them a national identity, and the rest of the family is dispersed from each other.
Considering that there are enormous negative social, political and economic consequences of not possessing identity papers, such as nationality papers, passports, social security cards, birth certificates, marriage and divorce documents and death certificates.
Note that as a result of this lack of identity papers, these war victims are considered stateless and this deprives them of any government and other benefits.
The conference recommended that governments:
Helping these war victims to find their papers, and if this is not possible, give these victims temporary papers based on the evidence of an oath to perform.
Urging the United Nations, specialized bodies and other international and regional organizations to support and support international mechanisms, especially the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Agency for Social Services, which provide these victims with the necessary social services to help these families reunite, treat, support and care for broken families.
Special training for military personalities who serve in the United Nations peace-keeping forcesIt has been observed over the past few years that it has shown a sharp increase in the requests of the United Nations and member states for the participation of military figures under the flag of the United Nations and peacekeeping operations in different regions of the world and under different circumstances to varying degrees.
Realizing that these obligations, unfortunately, have caused these military personnel to be exposed to physical risks, including death, in addition to the fact that the military figures rarely work under pressures that are outside the nature of their training.
Apart from the physical risks, it has been observed that people who serve in the United Nations forces are usually exposed to very dangerous situations (execution of sentences with severe violence against innocent civilians) at the hands of the warring parties.
It has been scientifically proven without equivocation that these events can lead to severe psychological disturbances in both the long and short term and the number of times of occurrence in addition to the severity of these problems in many cases shows a direct relationship to the way in which these events are carried out as well as the method of training and rehabilitation in most cases Circumstances .
Considering that the military personalities are summoned through the national governments, either to be voluntary or on a mandatory basis .. to perform service in the operations of the United Nations peacekeepers and to be well trained in combat training, but they are not indoctrinated sufficiently to work in such circumstances, which exposes them to the occurrence of injuries and circumstances. They cannot be witnessed, so they must be indoctrinated, trained, and given careful care before, during, or after deployment to perform the mission.
The conference called on national governments to ensure that the military forces and personalities assigned to work within the United Nations peace-keeping forces are trained on the psychological basis of those operations and to supply and provide adequate psychological care before, during and after the deployment of the mission.
The conference recommended that the national governments make use of all their expertise and experts in public and private institutions and bodies for the benefit of those who were entrusted with these tasks
Governments are always responsible and do not violate these rules.
International War Crimes TribunalConsidering the necessity of establishing an international court to try people accused of war crimes, and they should be punished according to international law.
Proposing the establishment of specific, clear and understandable principles for all persons who are summoned to prosecute persons suspected of war crimes, and this shall be in accordance with international criminal law with the preceding conditional paragraphs.
Assuming that technological progress allows for a rapid exchange of information, therefore, it is also possible to facilitate the establishment of an international court with a sufficient and large number of judges, in order to create a team to examine cases on the crime scene or close to it.
The conference demanded that the proposed court rule on these cases under the international authority of the Commonwealth in order for there to be an unmistakable clarity to criminals by their nature that no war crime can occur without punishment.
Protection of civilian war victimsBy recalling Resolution 18 "Violence against Women", Resolution 19 "Civilian Rape Victims during the War," and Resolution 25 "Women's Standing Committee", which was adopted by the 51st meeting of the World Veterans Union Council in Taipei.
Considering that the goal of ending wars must be pursued strictly.
It has been observed that an increase in the number of civilians who are victims of war, especially women and children, are falling victim to acts of violence, torture and rape in the field of armed conflicts and situations related to war.
Although the law prohibits acts of rape and physical harm to women and children, they are committed daily, on a large scale and in an alarming manner.
By recalling the special session held during the meeting of the Standing Committee for Women in Istanbul in September 1993, when it was declared that the protection of women and children should be given the highest priority through the activities of the permanent committee.
Among the urgent requests of the international community to officially declare that rape and physical abuse of women and children should be punished by war, and as a result, the perpetrators of these crimes can be named as war criminals and the victims of these crimes can be legally defined as victims of war.
Urging governments to include issues related to the human rights of women and children, behavior towards them, and ways to treat innocent people within the military training programs and educational programs for military facilities.
Finally, the conference urged the Executive Council of the World Veterans Federation to take appropriate steps to publicize this issue as an urgent item in the United Nations agenda and to ensure that the human rights of civilian victims of war are recognized and fully enforced, especially in similar resolutions included in the Final Document of the World Conference on Human Rights.
Dependency of the consequences of assault on societyWe fully know through past experiences and contemporary history that a weak state cannot attack a state that is stronger than it militarily, and since the latter (the strongest state) will always have strategic and practical advantages, and since there are issues in this century for more powerful states attacking those who are weaker than them without Attention to any form of safety
Aware of the fact that material losses are losses to national property and losses to the health of the citizens who were attacked. Example: A weak state was attacked, which caused the spread of harsh social conditions, where orphanhood and widowhood became a major phenomenon, and the state's ability to renew its sources of expenditure was reduced.
Realizing also that for at least ten years after any assault, the state must cope with the enormous social burdens and duties related to individuals known as victims of physical and psychological abuse.
The conference demanded the establishment of undisputed principles of international law in accordance with the financial and social responsibilities that the state has incurred as a result of its aggression (the responsibility of the aggressor state to compensate the aggressed state)
International definition of veterans and their rightsIf we take into account that there is no general definition of veterans and their rights at the global level.
If we consider that service in the armed forces, especially during armed conflicts or peacekeeping operations, may lead to long-term health problems (which may impair the ability to obtain personal income / work)
Believing that the exchange of data and experience related to the provisions of national legislation, regarding the definition of veterans and their rights, will assist in the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral agreements that may improve the situation of veterans and war victims through international cooperation based on this experience;
The conference recommended that governments develop “Basic Guidelines for the Rights of Veterans and Victims of War” based on the outcomes of international legislative conferences.
The conference called on the World Veterans Association and the federation members to exert their efforts in this regard.
Basic Guide to the Rights of Veterans and Victims of WarRecalling the “Basic Guidelines for the Rights of Veterans and Victims of War” drawn up by the World Veterans Federation on the basis of previous results of international conferences on legislation.
It was noted that the proliferation of armed conflicts around the globe during the past few years and their differences in nature from the wars of the previous century had caused a large number of new civilian victims of war.
Considering that the “Guidelines” do not include specific groups such as civilians who were killed or wounded by terrorism and those who were injured by mined land and explosive devices after the fighting stopped.
The Conference recommended that the Guidelines be amended to include these groups.
Training of people serving in peacekeeping forcesIt has been noticed that the number of UN peacekeeping forces has increased dramatically in the past few years, and that these operations have become more complex the closer the peacekeeping forces are to the combat zones as well as to the places where they were not invited by the conflicting parties.
It was also noted that these forces are often in contact with the civilian population.
We realize that national military units have different military training and principles that stem from different cultural roots.
The Conference urged governments to include in their training programs part of the special training programs for United Nations peacekeeping forces and to include comprehensive information and interpretation of the obligations and responsibilities of United Nations peacekeeping forces towards the civilian population subject to humanitarian and human rights laws
Transform the legal status of veterans and war victimsConsidering that the necessity of recognizing the legal status of veterans and war victims should be the subject of impartial and impartial procedures that include all necessary legal guarantees
The conference recommended that governments include their recommendations in this regard in an appendix to this recommendation.
Annex to Recommendation 43:
Transforming the human condition of veterans and war victims .The procedures should adopt the recognition of the legal status of war veterans and war victims and all their rights, which are based on the following principles:
The principle of equal treatment should be more firmly established, not only in legislation, but also by imposing it by force.
Decisions related to legal rights should be prepared, on the basis of law enforcement, through impartial and independent bodies such as courts.
A public session should be held in which aid applicants (who are authorized to present their cases orally) can be assured of justice in hearing their cases.
Authorities should be required by law to make their decisions within a reasonable time limit.
Transferring cases to another higher trial if the concerned authority does not set its decision within a specific time and in accordance with the law.
The possibility of discussing the authorities’ decision to go to the next higher trial (the Court of Appeal) or by setting up lawsuits in a court that calls for this decision.
The possibility should be found to review the decisions of the Supreme Court (the Constitutional Court) to see if they are in accordance with the Constitution.
Cooperating with organizations of veterans and war victims regarding the right to consider cases that should be guaranteed through their representation in judicial bodies.
The influence of the associations for these measures should be ensured.
Regarding the situation in all countries where there are war veterans and war victims but no legal provisions for them (especially countries where there are internal conflicts), the following steps should be taken:
A great effort should be made to arrive at a universal definition of the principles of granting human status to victims of war and war veterans that are acceptable to all nations.
Concerned persons from organizations should work and make efforts to encourage their countries to implement laws or to delegate them to organizations that study and scrutinize the situation of those who are defined as veterans and victims of war
Once these conditional clauses are enforced, the procedures for legal recognition of this category must also be determined
Cooperation between the government and the persons concerned as well as the organizations that should be included during each case of the procedure.